The melting of the poles and glaciers, the drought, the torrential rains and the increase of the sea level are the main factors that will affect our relationship with fresh and salt water in the immediate future. The question that remains is: are we prepared to face and adapt to this reality?
There is an endless list of problems caused by climate change on our planet, but water is among the most affected and with water also everything that depends on this natural resource. Among this endless list the most critical points are
- The chemical balance: the oceans cover 71% of the planet’s surface and absorb so much CO2 generated by human activities that the chemistry and temperature of the oceans is reaching dramatic levels, putting both habitats and marine species at risk. It should be noted that corals are especially affected by this factor.
- The fascination of human beings with water has existed since the origin of our species. So much so that for centuries we have built our homes near rivers and coasts. The rise in sea level caused by the melting of the poles is endangering the physical integrity of those who live near water.
- There is a very close relationship between climate change and groundwater reserves. The quality of this water is decreasing rapidly, thus putting it at serious risk for human consumption. At least half of the world’s population depends on groundwater reserves.
- By 2050, the demand for drinking water is estimated to grow by 55%. By 2020 there are already enough problems to meet the global demand for drinking water. If we do not start taking drastic measures, the risk of more people suffering from water shortages is very high.
The whole world needs to make an effort to stop climate change, because if we don’t do so we risk suffering limitations in the supply of water, a natural resource indispensable for our survival.