Melting ice sheets and glaciers are raising sea levels and putting millions of people at risk. Heat waves, droughts and floods are becoming more severe. Desert areas are advancing. And the frequency and intensity of hurricanes and storms are increasing.
All these situations have something in common: they are the result of climate change generated mainly by the burning of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas.
Climate change is the greatest challenge facing humanity in the 21st century. The World Economic Forum recognized its impacts as the main threat to the global economy in 2018 and 2019.
What is being done to prevent it?
- In 2015, within the framework of the United Nations Convention on Climate Change, the international community agreed to limit the temperature increase to below 2°C in relation to the pre-industrial era, and to make every effort to keep it below 1.5°C. The United Nations’ climate scientists group (IPCC) showed that the latter is the acceptable limit to avoid catastrophic impacts that would change the world as we know it.
- To keep the temperature below 1.5°C, greenhouse gas emissions must be cut in half over the next decade and reach zero by 2050. And this requires radical and urgent action to drastically reduce the use of coal, oil and gas, while promoting the development of clean and renewable sources such as wind and solar.
- However, according to a United Nations report, the effort of all countries still needs to be multiplied by five immediately to limit the increase in temperature. If we do not close the gap between the emissions reductions that countries are proposing and those needed to be aligned with 1.5°C temperature increase, we will face an unknown and catastrophic global climate in the next decade. Climate action must take place now: from the transition from fossil fuels to renewable energies and stopping deforestation, to the creation of financial measures to accompany the fight against climate change.
- That governments assume climate and energy policies that keep the temperature increase below 1.5ºC.
- Abandon coal in 2030, and oil and gas by the middle of the 21st century in order to achieve an energy sector free of greenhouse gas emissions.
- Accelerate the take-off of renewable energies and energy efficiency.
- Promote sustainable, electric and efficient mobility. Promote public transport to reduce the use of private cars.
- Stop investing in false solutions such as the nuclear industry and redirect investments to the development of renewable energies and to guarantee a just transition for workers in the fossil industry.
- Stop the destruction of forests with the goal of zero deforestation.
At Greenpeace we are looking for a change of model: replacing dirty energy sources (oil, gas and coal) with renewable energies (solar, wind, etc.). In addition, we promote energy saving and efficiency.